Anthropometry and Physical Features of Bangladeshi Women National Level Kho-Kho and Football Players: A Frank Comparison

Jannatul Ferdaus Rickta
Department of Physical Education & Sports Science, Jashore University of Science and Technology, Bangladesh
Md. Yeasir Arafat
Office of the Physical Education, Chittagong University of Engineering & Technology, Bangladesh.
Fatima Tus Johora Mukta
Department of Physical Education & Sports Science, Jashore University of Science and Technology, Bangladesh.
Md. Rezaul Islam
Bangabandhu Textile Engineering College, Tangial, Bangladesh.

Published 30-04-2024


  • Anthropometry,
  • Fat percentage,
  • Body Comparison,
  • Women Football Players,
  • Women Kho-Kho Players

How to Cite

Rickta, J. F., Arafat, M. Y., Johora Mukta, F. T., & Islam, M. R. (2024). Anthropometry and Physical Features of Bangladeshi Women National Level Kho-Kho and Football Players: A Frank Comparison. International Journal of Kinanthropometry, 4(1), 44–49.



Introduction: In Bangladesh Football is the most popular ball game but Kho-Kho is not that popular like Football. Kho-Kho is a popular Game in India but day by day it is becoming popular in Bangladesh. Major muscle groups are used in these two games because both games involve running, driving, jumping, swinging, and hand motions. Methods: Forty national-level women Football players and forty national-level women Kho-Kho players were studied in the present study.  The average age is between 14 to 21 years and the training age is between 2 to 6 years. All the anthropometric measurements and body mass were carried out with proper guidelines. Results: The average leg length for Female Kho-Kho players is 89.14 ( ±4.44 cm)  and that of Female Football players is 86.92 ( ±8.91) cm. The average leg length of women Kho-Kho players is 2.22 cm higher than the average leg length of women Football players which is statistically significant. There is also a significant difference (p ≤0.05) when average BMI is compared. The average fat percentage of Women Footballers is slightly higher than the average Fat % of women Kho-Kho players where the average fat percentage of women football players is 22.09 % ±4.05 and that of Kho-Kho players is 22.01 ±4.01. Conclusion: The Bangladeshi national-level women Kho-Kho players have better physiques than the national women Football players whereas the body composition of both groups is very close.


  1. Arafat, M. Y., Rickta, J. F., Mukta, F. T. J., Islam, M. R., & Iqbal, M. A. (2023). Anthropometric Characteristics in Bangladeshi Elite Female Gymnasts. American Journal of Sports Science, 11(2): 46-49.
  2. Arafat, M.Y., Rickta, J.F., Mukta, F.T.J., (2020) Analysis of ball velocity for different groups of positional soccer players. International Journal of Physical Education Sports Management and Yogic Sciences, 10(4): 19-24.
  3. Arafat, Y., Rickta, J. F., & Mukta, F.T.J. (2020) A comparative study of motor fitness between sprinter and long-distance runner in Bangladesh. International Journal of Yoga, Physiotherapy and Physical Education, 5(3): 18-22.
  4. Arrese, A.L., &Ostariz, E.S. (2006) Skinfold thickness associated with distance running performance in highly trained runners. Journal of Sports Sciences, 24 (1): 69-76.
  5. Artioli, G.G., Gualano, B., Franchini, E., Batista, R.N., Polacow, V.O., Jr. Lancha, A.H., (2009) Physiological, performance, and nutritional profile of the Brazilian Olympic Wushu (kung-fu) team. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23 (1): 20-25.
  6. Bayios, I. A., Bergeles, N. K., Apostolidis, N. G., Noutsos, K. S., &Koskolou, M. D. (2006). Anthropometric, body composition and somatotype differences of Greek elite female basketball, volleyball and handball players. Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness, 46(2): 271.
  7. Bhatnagar, D.P., Grewal, R., (1984) A comparative study of rural athletes of four states of India. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 18 (1): 34-37.
  8. Burris, B., (2003) Measurement of Aerobic Capacity in College women. Completed Research in Health, physical education and Recreation, 15: 158.
  9. Coopoo, Y., Williams, K. T., Fortuin, C., & Green, A. (2019). Anthropometric and physical performance attributes of first division female football players in Gauteng province, South Africa. African Journal for Physical Activity and Health Sciences (AJPHES), 25(3): 433-443.
  10. Dhayanithi, R., & Ravi Kumar, P. (2002). Continuous and Alternats pace endurance Methods and their effects on training and determining on selected physical and Determining on selected physical and psychology variables among boys. Research Bi-annual for movement, 19(1): 16.
  11. Duquet W., Carter J.E.L., Somatotyping. In R. Eston, Reilly, T. (Ed.), (2001) Kinanthropometry and exercise physiology laboratory manual: Tests, Procedure and data, (2 ed., Vol. 1, pp. 47-65). London and New York: Routledge, Tayler and Francis Group.
  12. Hadzic R, Bjelica D and Popovic S., Comparative study of anthropometric measurement and body composition between elite basketball and volleyball players. Research in physical education, sport and health, 1(1): 103-8 (2012).
  13. Hagberg, J.M., Rankinen, T., Loos, R.J., Perusse, L., Roth, S.M., Wolfarth B., Bouchard, C., (2011) Advances in exercise, fitness, and performance genomics in 2010. Medicine & Science Sports Exercise, 43 (5): 743-752.
  14. Harris, R. S., Petersen-Mahrt, S. K., & Neuberger, M.S. (2002). RNA editing enzyme APOBEC1 and some of its homologs can act as DNA mutators. Molecular cell, 10 (5): 1247-1253.
  15. Heath B.H., Carter, J.E.L., (1990) Somatotyping development and application. Cambridge University press, New York.
  16. Jaiswal, A. (2014) Anthropometric and Somatotyping Study among the Female Kho-Kho Players of Pondicherry: A Comparative Analysis. Journal of Global Economics, 2: 122.
  17. Kavanashri N.M, Keren Susan Cherian, Sudip Ghosh, Venkata Ramana Yagnambhat (2023). Anthropometry and Physical Characteristics of Indian Badminton Players. International Journal of Kinanthropometry, 3(2): 78–83.
  18. Kim, J., Cho, H.C., Jung, H.S., J.D. Yoon, J.D., (2011) Influence of performance level on anaerobic power and body composition in elite male judoists. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25 (5): 1346-1354.
  19. Knechtle, B., Knechtle, P., Schulze, I., & Kohler, G. (2008). Upper arm circumference is associated with race performance in ultra-endurance runners. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 42 (4), 295-299.
  20. Molla, H.G. (2017). Review of anthropometric characteristics of runners. Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Sport, 25, 2631.
  21. Norton, K., Olds, T., (2001) Morphological evolution of athletes over the 20th century. Sports Medicine, 31: 763-783.
  22. Parizkova, J. (1977) Body fat and physical fitness. Springer Netherlands.
  23. Pavlović, R., Vrcić, M., Simeonov, A., Radulović, N., &Gutić, U. (2021). Anthropometric characteristics and body composition of UrošGutić, runner at 5000m. Journal of Physical Education Research, 8: 01-10.
  24. Rickta, J.F., Arafat, M.Y., & Mukta, F.T.J. (2021). A study on correlation among physique, motor fitness and performance of soccer player. International Journal of Physical Education Sports Management and Yogic Sciences, 11(1): 28-33.
  25. Shukla, A., Dogra, D.K., Bhattacharya, D., Gulia, S., Sharma, R. (2023) A comparative study on the viewership of different professional leagues in India. The International Sports Law Journal, 23: 322-339.
  26. Weinberg, R.S., & Gould, D. (2023). Foundations of sport and exercise psychology. Champaign, Illinois, United States: Human kinetics.